Title

Retrospective Evaluation of Methotrexate Elimination when Co-Administered with Proton Pump Inhibitors

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2014

Publication Title

British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

First Page

565

Last Page

571

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bcp.12384

Abstract

Aims

The aim was to assess potential interaction between methotrexate (MTX) and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in patients receiving high-dose MTX.

Methods

Records of 56 adults receiving 201 cycles of MTX were reviewed to determine effects of PPI administration on MTX elimination. Repeated-measures logistic regressions and Cox regressions were performed to evaluate the possible drug interaction.

Results

Despite a significant difference between those receiving a PPI and not receiving a PPI in median MTX levels at 24 (8.0 vs. 3.9 μmol l−1, respectively, P = 0.013) and 72 h after MTX administration (0.08 vs. 0.05 μmol l−1, respectively, P = 0.037), there was no difference between those receiving a PPI and not receiving a PPI in the proportion of patients experiencing delayed elimination at 24 (19.2% vs. 20.2%, respectively, P = 1.000) and 72 h (36.2% vs. 33.7%, respectively, P = 0.765). When data were analysed using Cox regression, controlling for multiple cycles of MTX per patient, PPI use was not a significant predictor of time to MTX < 0.1 μmol l−1. When the clustering effect of multiple cycles of MTX per patient was controlled for, co-administration of PPIs was not a significant predictor of MTX level (P = 0.969). A comparison of patients with delayed elimination at any time point and those without delayed elimination indicated that PPI use was not a significant predictor of delayed elimination (P = 0.607).

Conclusions

This study does not support previous findings of a significant interaction between PPIs and MTX. Based on these results, the clinical significance of any potential interaction is likely to be small.

Rights

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