Marvels & Tales: Journal of Fairy-Tale Studies
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The increased personification of fairy godmothers in contemporary American media corresponds to an aspect of the American worldview that emphasizes "magical" quick fixes and solutions. The two fairy-tale pastiche works informing this study are a novel, The Fairy Godmother, by fantasy author Mercedes Lackey, and a movie, Shrek 2. Both of these works feature fairy godmother characters that depart from canonical folktale and fairy-tale depictions. Associated with fate and wisdom, fairy godmothers act much as folklorists do by rewarding traditional behavior with gifts. Recent fairy godmother roles are hybrid and multivocal, illuminating ideologies and power structures in both society and story.
Jorgensen, Jeana, "A Wave of the Magic Wand: Fairy Godmothers in Contemporary American Media" Marvels & Tales: Journal of Fairy-Tale Studies / (2007): 216-227.
Available at http://digitalcommons.butler.edu/facsch_papers/674