Title

Waterless Condensers for the Teaching Laboratory: An Adaptation of Traditional Glassware

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2014

Publication Title

Journal of Chemical Education

First Page

1087

Last Page

1088

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ed400629x

Abstract

A simple adaptation of traditional “chemistry kit” condensers for the organic chemistry teaching laboratory is described. These waterless condensers have been employed safely with most solvents. They can be easily fabricated, stored, and used in the same manner as water-cooled condensers. These condensers were utilized in several different types of reactions and in an ethanol–water distillation providing the same product yields as reactions utilizing traditional water-cooled condensers.

Rights

Version of record can be found through American Chemical Society.