Christianity has no one theory of time. But there are several constraints that Christian conceptions of time should meet, among which are the following three. First, Christianity arose within a fundamental monotheistic assumption that the world is created by God, and therefore time must be related to dive creation somehow. Second, Christianity arose in response to the person of Jesus of Nazareth who was supposed from the earliest times to have been historically decisive so that time needs to be understood in part in terms of history. Third, Christianity carries on always in the conceptual world of the cultures it engages, currently that of late-modern science, and therefore now it must come to terms with time as defined by physical cosmology as well as other sciences. Conceptions of time in Christianity thus need to be understood historically in relation to the historically developing conceptions of God and creation, of the meaning and significance of Jesus Christ, and of physical cosmology.
Neville, Robert Cummings
"Christianity and Time,"
Journal of Hindu-Christian Studies:
Vol. 12, Article 6.
Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.7825/2164-6279.1204