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Schoenberg's Moses and Aron has been called the most important product of his musical maturity, implying that many of his theoretical, musical, philosophical, and spiritual ideas, both public and personal, can be found in this unique work. The work does not fit neatly into any prescribed category that has come before it or after it. It is possible, however, to trace the development of the work from Schoenberg's own preceding compositions, which in many cases provide the roots of ideas more fully developed in Moses and Aron. Among its predecessors in the opera literature though, it remains unique. The reasons for the work's individuality are numerous, but it is most obviously different in that the opera was written during Schoenberg's twelve-tone period.

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