The Greek Anthology is a collection of Greek poetry compiled by Constantine Cephalas during the 10th century, known today from the only extant copy in the Palatine Library at Heidelberg. David Singmaster recently discovered that this work contains hundreds of mathematical puzzles. his 1984 article on this topic in the Mathematical Spectrum gives an excellent overview of these; however, they are rarely challenging and often repetitive.
"Wordplay in Ancient Greece,"
Word Ways: Vol. 18
, Article 18.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.butler.edu/wordways/vol18/iss2/18