In 1920, the Czech playwright Karel Capek thrust Rossum's Universal Robots upon an unsuspecting world. The robots in his play, "R.U.R.", were artificially manufactured persons, mechanically efficient but at first devoid of sensibility. They eventually acquired souls and began acting like human beings, revolting against their masters and destroying them.
Borgmann, Dmitri A.
"Robots on the Rampage,"
Word Ways: Vol. 21
, Article 8.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.butler.edu/wordways/vol21/iss1/8