Esperanto is a language that was created in 1887 by Ludovic Lazarus Zamenhof, a Polish polyglot who sought to facilitate communication among the many nations of the world by creating a new language made up of bits and pieces of several existing (mostly European) languages. Though the use of Esperanto never became as widespread as Zamenhof had hoped, more than ten million people around the world speak and understand it, and thousands of books, newspapers, and magazines have been (and continue to be) published in it.
Murray, Thomas E.
"Can You Translate Esperanto?,"
Word Ways: Vol. 23
, Article 12.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.butler.edu/wordways/vol23/iss3/12