Surely a major irony of Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye is that its would-be hero, though openly disdaining what he calls all that "David Copperfield" kind of nonsense on the very first page, is in fact described in terms of the self-development novel as stemming to a large extent from Dickens. What is more, though he repeatedly exhibits revulsion at what he dubs the "phony" type of individual, he himself turns out to be the biggest fake of them all.
Fleissner, Robert F.
"Caulfield and Copperfield,"
Word Ways: Vol. 27
, Article 13.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.butler.edu/wordways/vol27/iss4/13