A rebirth of popularity in enigmas and word-play occurred in Europe during the Renaissance period. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, numerous collections of riddles and word puzzles were published, including Demaundes Joyous (1511), A Little Book of Riddles (1540), The Booke of Merry Riddles (prior to 1575; and mentioned in Shakespeare's The Merry Wives of Windsor), Wit's Academy (1656), and many others. Men of all walks of life riddled and puzzled during idle hours.
Shortz, William F.
"British Word Puzzles (1700-1800),"
Word Ways: Vol. 6
, Article 2.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.butler.edu/wordways/vol6/iss3/2