Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date


Publication Title

The International Encyclopedia of Journalism Studies




This entry discusses the participation and representation of women in the news media. Women entered journalism primarily to appeal to female audiences in the 19th century and were expected to write about topics considered to be of interest for women, such as food, fashion, family and furniture. Today, global studies show that women remain underrepresented at all levels of news organizations, with a glass ceiling preventing women from rising to top positions. Female journalists are especially facing challenges in war reporting and sports reporting, and as opinion columnists. In terms of representation, women are frequently represented in a negative or stereotypical light in the news media. Despite growing interest in the field, there is still a lack of information on these topics outside of Western countries. Future studies should look at gender and news coverage in nations where research is currently absent.


This is the submitted version of the following book chapter: The International Encyclopedia of Journalism Studies. Tim P. Vos and Folker Hanusch (General Editors), Dimitra Dimitrakopoulou, Margaretha Geertsema-Sligh and Annika Sehl (Associate Editors). © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Published 2018 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. DOI: 10.1002/9781118841570.iejs0162, which has been published in final form in