Conclusion. This study demonstrated that children who receive a cochlear implant below the age of 2 years obtain higher mean receptive and expressive language scores than children implanted over the age of 2 years. Objective. The purpose of this study was to compare the receptive and expressive language skills of children who received a cochlear implant before 1 year of age to the language skills of children who received an implant between 1 and 3 years of age. Subjects and methods. Standardized language measures, the Reynell Developmental Language Scale (RDLS) and the Preschool Language Scale (PLS), were used to assess the receptive and expressive language skills of 91 children who received an implant before their third birthday. Results. The mean receptive and expressive language scores for the RDLS and the PLS were slightly higher for the children who were implanted below the age of 2 years compared with the children who were implanted over 2 years old. For the PLS, both the receptive and expressive mean standard scores decreased with increasing age at implantation.
This is a post-print version of an article originally published in Acta Oto-Laryngologica, 2008, Volume 128, Issue 4.
The version of record is available through: Taylor & Francis.
Miyamoto, R. T., Hay-McCutcheon, M. J., Kirk, K. I., Houston, D. M., Bergeson-Dana, T. R. (2008). Speech and language skills of profoundly deaf children implanted under 12 months of age: Preliminary results. Acta Oto-Laryngologica, 128, 373-377.