ASF1 and the SWI/SNF complex interact functionally during nucleosome displacement, while FACT is required for nucleosome reassembly at yeast heat shock gene promoters during sustained stress

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Cell Stress and Chaperones

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Histone chaperones are an integral part of the transcription regulatory machinery. We investigated the involvement of histone chaperones and their functional interactions with ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complexes in the regulation of yeast heat shock genes. Strong functional interaction between the histone chaperone ASF1 and the ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complex SWI/SNF is exhibited in synergistic diminishment of nucleosome displacement during heat shock in the ΔASF1/ΔSNF2 strain in comparison to individual ASF1 or SNF2 inactivation. A similar but less pronounced effect was observed for ISW1/ASF1 inactivation but not for ASF1/STH1 (RSC complex) combinatorial inactivation. The depletion of Spt16, which is a major subunit of the FACT histone chaperone complex, leads to a severe growth defect phenotype associated with unusual thermotolerance. The acquired thermotolerance in the Spt16-depleted strain is associated with a defect in the reassembly of nucleosomes at the promoters of heat shock genes during sustained heat stress, leading to increased recruitment of the transcriptional activator HSF and RNA polymerase II. The defect in nucleosome assembly associated with Spt16 depletion also leads to an increased tolerance to stress due to an increased concentration of NaCl.


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