Retrospective Evaluation of Methotrexate Elimination when Co-Administered with Proton Pump Inhibitors
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
The aim was to assess potential interaction between methotrexate (MTX) and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in patients receiving high-dose MTX.
Records of 56 adults receiving 201 cycles of MTX were reviewed to determine effects of PPI administration on MTX elimination. Repeated-measures logistic regressions and Cox regressions were performed to evaluate the possible drug interaction.
Despite a significant difference between those receiving a PPI and not receiving a PPI in median MTX levels at 24 (8.0 vs. 3.9 μmol l−1, respectively, P = 0.013) and 72 h after MTX administration (0.08 vs. 0.05 μmol l−1, respectively, P = 0.037), there was no difference between those receiving a PPI and not receiving a PPI in the proportion of patients experiencing delayed elimination at 24 (19.2% vs. 20.2%, respectively, P = 1.000) and 72 h (36.2% vs. 33.7%, respectively, P = 0.765). When data were analysed using Cox regression, controlling for multiple cycles of MTX per patient, PPI use was not a significant predictor of time to MTX < 0.1 μmol l−1. When the clustering effect of multiple cycles of MTX per patient was controlled for, co-administration of PPIs was not a significant predictor of MTX level (P = 0.969). A comparison of patients with delayed elimination at any time point and those without delayed elimination indicated that PPI use was not a significant predictor of delayed elimination (P = 0.607).
This study does not support previous findings of a significant interaction between PPIs and MTX. Based on these results, the clinical significance of any potential interaction is likely to be small.
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Reeves, David J.; Moore, Elizabeth S.; Bascom, Devon; and Rensing, Brandon, "Retrospective Evaluation of Methotrexate Elimination when Co-Administered with Proton Pump Inhibitors" (2014). Scholarship and Professional Work – COPHS. 215.