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G4G13 Exchange Book

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Each of the ten different letters in the title is used exactly three times to form the words in the circles. Martin Gardner's famous work The Annotated Alice was first published in 1960 and we honor him in this essay.


This is an electronic copy of a paper originally appearing in the G4G13 Exchange Book. Archived with permission. The authors reserve all rights.


In the spirit of Martin Gardner, who believed in inclusiveness and the sharing of knowledge and curiosity, and as a non-profit that benefits from the generosity of our community, G4G is pleased to give back to the world by making the G4Gn Gift Exchange Books available for download online.

However, these papers are a compilation of original material and the contributors retail their copyrights. No part of the Gift Exchange Books may be reproduced or distributed in any form, without the prior written permission of the original author.