Snarks, Hypohamiltonian Graphs and Non-Supereulerian Graphs
Graphs and Combinatorics
A graph G is hypohamiltonian if it is not Hamiltonian but for each v∈V(G)v∈V(G), the graph G−vG−v is Hamiltonian. A graph is supereulerian if it has a spanning Eulerian subgraph. A graph G is called collapsible if for every even subset R⊆V(G)R⊆V(G), there is a spanning connected subgraph H of G such that R is the set of vertices of odd degree in H. A graph is reduced if it has no nontrivial collapsible subgraphs. In this note, we first prove that all hypohamiltonian cubic graphs are reduced non-supereulerian graphs. Then we introduce an operation to construct graphs from hypohamiltonian cubic graphs such that the resulting graphs are 3-edge-connected non-supereulerian reduced graphs and cannot be contracted to a snark. This disproves two conjectures, one of which was first posed by Catlin et al. in [Congr. Num. 76:173–181, 1990] and in [J. Combin. Theory, Ser B 66:123–139, 1996], and was posed again by Li et al. in [Acta Math. Sin. English Ser 30(2):291–304, 2014] and by Yang in [Supereulerian graphs, hamiltonicity of graphs and several extremal problems in graphs, Ph. D. Dissertation, Université Paris-Sub, September 27, 2013], respectively, the other one was posed by Yang 2013.
Chen, Zhi-Hong, "Snarks, Hypohamiltonian Graphs and Non-Supereulerian Graphs" Graphs and Combinatorics 32/6 (2016): 2267-2273.
Available at https://digitalcommons.butler.edu/facsch_papers/1193