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R-squared is the correlation (i.e., r) of a fund to its benchmark index multiplied by itself (i.e., squared). R-squared measures how closely a fund tracks its respective index. A recent article (see here, Wall Street Journal) suggests that investors should search for actively managed funds with low R-squareds, as this suggests the manager is truly trying to add value by concentrating on specific sectors of the benchmark universe. However, doing so increases systematic risk. So, there is a tradeoff.