Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Honors Thesis



First Advisor

Theresa Knipstein-Meyer


This study sought to discover how often visual, auditory, and/or kinesthetic senses are used when students of low-incidence special education receive instruction. Low-incidence disabilities are physical and intellectual abnormalities that severely impact an individual’s ability to function independently in daily life. The research was completed through weekly observations in a classroom designed for students with low-incidence disabilities, including autism and traumatic brain injuries. Throughout the school day, it was noted whether the students reacted to the instruction using their auditory, visual, and/or kinesthetic sense. The students’ visual response was measured by marking whether the student made eye contact with the educator; the auditory response by marking whether the student verbally responded to teacher prompts; and the kinesthetic response by marking whether the student physically followed the teacher’s directions. It was found that students of low-incidence disabilities responded most frequently when the kinesthetic sense was engaged. This means that the students physically followed the teacher’s directions more frequently than made eye contact with the educator or verbally responded to teacher prompts.