Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Honors Thesis



First Advisor

Dr. Bonnie Brown


When the polio vaccine was developed in the 1950s, the healthcare field saw the eradication of polio happening by the turn of the 21st century. However, in 2022 there are still countries with endemic strains of polio, with Nigeria only recently being taken off of this list in 2020. This paper focuses on synthesizing research about the initial oral polio vaccine (OPV) efforts in 2002 Nigeria to improved efforts in the 2010s. Nigeria is widely known for boycotting the vaccine and implementing extensive educational programming attempts to remedy the situation. By looking at various cultural and religious factors that caused low OPV vaccination rates, we can examine aspects that must be considered when creating health care educational programs in communities that are hesitant or resistant to vaccines, like the northern states of Nigeria. This argument is explored through three distinct factors: the political-religious, religious-educational, and educational efforts in response to low vaccination rates.

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