Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Honors Thesis



First Advisor

John Cornell

Second Advisor

Zachary Scarlett


It is easy to take monuments to historical events at face value. However, in observing monuments and memorials, it is possible to learn about how those in power utilize this medium to distribute intentional historical narratives to the public. In looking at monuments constructed in Kyiv, Ukraine, this can be seen in different historical monuments that have been erected across the city. Between Soviet control and Ukrainian independence since 1991, the manner in which history is framed in memorials has fundamentally shifted. Given the context of heightened tensions between the two countries in recent years, culminating in the invasion of Ukraine by its Russian neighbor in April 2022, observing memorialization trends can be useful in understanding the past and present relationship between these two states. Within these memorials lies a greater struggle for cultural identity, nation-building, and historical narrative creation.