Butler Journal of Undergraduate Research


Public special education systems have distinct levels of economic resources at the international and local levels, as well as different social-cultural attitudes toward students with disabilities. This study is an in-depth exploration of those differences as they apply to the special education systems of Peru and the United States within the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. I give particular focus to Aprendo en casa, a Peruvian multichannel distance education service for television, radio, and the Internet that was launched in April of 2020 because of the state emergency. I examine lessons from Aprendo en casa to identify the learning strategies they present for reaching students with diverse types of learning challenges, and compare those strategies with those identified in the broader scholarly literature as well as the pandemic experiences of public-school teachers in Howard County, Maryland. This comparative lens provides new perspectives on how teaching and learning within special education adapted to the COVID-19 pandemic. It also brings into clearer focus the broader social, economic, and political factors that shape special education in both countries.