The Judeo-Christian Scriptures have been considered by literalists as true in every aspect, including references to the sciences. Scripture states that earth has four corners suggesting that the earth is flat. The sun rises in the morning suggesting that the sun goes around the earth, and earth with humankind is at the centre of the universe. The six days in the Genesis account along with the genealogical chronologies were used by Irish Bishop James Ussher (1581-1652) to calculate that the earth's origin was in 4004 B.C. The Genesis account relates that the origin of humankind, and all the plants and animals, is by creation, a "coming into existence out of nothing instantaneously".

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